Showing posts with label Project Ideas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Project Ideas. Show all posts

Mini Project Ideas For Mechanical Engineering

Mini Project Ideas - Mechanical Engineering
Mini projects play a vital role in mechanical engineering degree. Mini projects help mechanical engineering students in understanding theoretical concepts by putting things into work in practical manner. Until unless one does not create proto types, one cannot understand the real potential of a theoretical concept. When I was studying in engineering college, I noticed many students having difficulty in finding a perfect mini project idea for mechanical engineering. Some good professors do help their students by issuing a list of possible project ideas under their supervision. But sometimes they ask students to come up with new ideas. Due to limited experience and knowledge, students cannot think of new innovative ideas for mini projects.

I have compiled a list of best mini project ideas for mechanical engineering students so that all students may benefit from this list. I will keep on adding more project ideas to this list over time. Updated lists will keep students linked with new technology. If you find difficulty in understanding any of these projects, you may ask for details in the comments section of this page. And if you have some better mini project ideas, do share with fellow students in comments section of this page.
Here is the complete list of ideas for mini projects:
  • Fruit picking robot
  • Grass cutting robot
  • Trimming robot for plants on large scale
  • Steam engine powered bicycle
  • Wind mill pump
  • RC Controlled bike with sensors to balance itself
  • RC controlled bicycle with censors to balance itself
  • Stair climbing handcart
  • Any project related to solar energy
  • Biogas plant
  • Chair for physiotherapy
  • Power generation using irrigation canals
  • Power generation using railway tracks
  • Sun powered water heater
  • Waste detector to segregate different types of waste (organic, combustible etc)
  • Hovercraft controlled by android
  • Robot for putting plant seeds in soil
  • Wheel chair controlled through mobile
  • Robot for peeling chicken skin
  • Multiple axis sliding table
  • Rotating shelves for refrigerator
  • Bottle vending machine
  • Electricity generation from speed braker
  • Rain water harvesting system
  • Mini Wind Mill to be installed on car for powering AC
I hope this list of mini project ideas will help mechanical engineering students in learning their subjects in practical manner. These projects can be easily carried out in university at low cost. Negligible cost for manufacturing is involved. If any student wants more help or ideas, keep posting your thoughts in comments so that I may help. If you will not post comments, I will not be able to find out your queries. I know some students try to skip mini course projects. I want to warn all those students that they are playing with their degree. If you will not do anything practical at your university, you will be forced to do a managerial job at lowest salaries after graduation. That’s a bitter reality.

Engineers Developing Drones to Hunt Drones

Engineers are developing drones that will be capable of catching other drones. Drones have proved to be very useful tool in this modern era. Their useful impact in the field of security, surveillance, media coverage, war zones, fire zones and weather conditions has brought a revolution in the way how things work. Everyday engineers are working on new ideas to use drones for constructive purpose instead of destruction and war. Rising interest in drones is bringing new ideas to reality.
No denying to the awesomeness of drone technology but what happens when drones are in wrong hands? Engineers are now working on this idea to design and manufacture a drone for security agencies of the world which will be designed to forcefully take off any flying machines that pose a threat to high security buildings like military bases, airports, government buildings or sporting events.
Net being used to catch drones.
The system installed inside this anti drone device will use modern techniques to reverse engineer the system of a drone under observation. It will take just few minutes to take full control of the drone. There will be another function if the drone could not hack into system of another drone. This anti drone device will shoot a net on other drone to catch it and fly it to a safe place.
UAVs are remote-controlled, pilot-less aircraft. They are designed to look like jets, airplanes and missiles or spiders with several helicopter-like rotor blades. Drones can be small enough to fit in the palm of your hand or as long as a 43-foot yacht. The machines can cost from as little as $30 for toys to as much as hundreds of thousands for professional-grade versions.
Use of private drones is a big threat to security agencies all over the world. Although it is identifiable, but sometimes it is not easy to find who is flying a drone in a crowd. It can be used for spying by any terrorist organization. Government security agencies are working on devising systems to control such unmanned devices. So far only way to stop or catch a drone is to identify the man who is flying it. This is not safe at all.
I spoke to a law enforcement agency’s representative in California this week and she informed that Government is planning to construct specialized control rooms in all major cities which will act as anti drone control rooms. Any drones or unmanned flying machines that will pose security threats will be controlled through this high tech infrastructure and brought to the security agency for further investigation. Licenses will also be issued for registration of flying machines.

How drones can be used for firefighting?

Drones for fire control
How drones can be used for firefighting? Is it possible to get a drone to some real life saving work? Professors at Olin College and MIT are studying how to use drones in field for fighting fires. Professors are of the view that they can develop a fleet of self flying intelligent drones programmed to gather intelligence reports/ insights from fire field that will help firefighters in devising a more powerful strategy in battling out of control blazes. Not only this information will help in fire control but it will also help the firefighters in knowing more about the wildfires. Previously we discussed how mechanical engineers are working on a project idea of designing a robot for firefighting.

Andrew Bennett, who is a mechanical engineering professor at Olin College in Needham, and his partner, MIT professor Jonathan How, hope to have the drone system ready for demonstrations this spring. They are hopeful that first prototype of the intelligent drones will be ready for flight before spring. After successful flight tests of the drone, intelligent functions like tracking fire and critical heat zones will be tested using tractors and artificial fire flames in open grounds.

“Fail early, try often” should be the motto for all mechanical engineers working on such projects.

How will this drone work?, is the question here. In very simple words, this drone will allow firefighters to point out a fire zone/ most critical zone on a map using GPS coordinates. Comprehensive fire examination report containing heat level information will also be supplied by the drone. The drone will be intelligent enough to examine fire from safe distance and along the edges. It will also be capable of calling another drone for backup when battery runs low.

Firefighting is not fun. It requires lot of courage, knowledge and expertise. Knowing that how fire burns and where it might move next is the most important part of firefighting, said Chief Fire Warden David Celino of the state’s Department of Conservation and Recreation. Forecasting and knowing the behavior of fire is really exciting.

“No matter how futuristic the technology is, you still go back to the fundamentals of firefighting: Success in trying to get containment or control over a fire is all about gathering the size-up information — the intelligence about what’s going on with the fire,” he said.

Being a mechanical engineer, I am excited to know more about the future of both these projects. i.e. robots and drones as firefighters. If you have found this idea wonderful, share it with your friends on facebook to acknowledge the efforts of mechanical engineers.

Robot as a firefighter

Robot as a firefighter
Respect for the engineers who are working on a robot that will work as firefighter. Firefighting is a tough job. It requires lots of courage and involves risk. Firefighters have to take care of all health and safety measures to ensure minimal casualties. Both courage and sense are required for firefighting job. Soon the world will see walking giant robots working as firefighters in emergency situations. Now this is real imagination of an engineer. For now the technology is being tested at sea.

How it works?

“The concept is to design a humanoid robot. We developed a whole body controller for balance and to respond to external disturbance” – says Brian Lattimer, a professor in the department of mechanical engineering at Virginia Tech and a member of the team.

The body controller was itself a blend of redesigned actuators used for robots and software that is used for locomotion, he says. “It will not be inflexible like some other humanoid robots you might have seen. The actuators contain springs, permitting it to control its balance more easily.” The whole body controller compensates for any kick from the fire hose.
Robot as a firefighter
THOR-OP reaching for a fire nozzle. Image: Virginia Tech

The robot will be designed to be able to keep its range-finding and perception during a fire event. “When you deposit water into fire you must have the capability to see through steam and smoke,” he says. “It was desirable to have a robot autonomously locate fires and put them out with water.” They looked at range finders on the market and put them in different levels of fire and smoke to see how they behaved.” Ultimately, LIDAR was chosen.

Testing it on the former USS Shadwell, the robot walked into a compartment containing fire and worked with a firefighter to grab a hand line. The situation was suppressed successfully. At present, they have developed two humanoid robots, both 5 foot 10 and weighing 145 lbs and 165 lbs, respectively.

This serves as a great idea for students of mechanical engineering. I suggest all students to work on this project idea. This is a great idea for final year project for mechanical engineers. Whenever you are deciding a topic for project, always remember to do something which has not been done already. I have seen many students working on same stupid repetitive ideas each year with no output/ learning at all. The idea of a robot as a firefighter is just awesome. Sense the smoke, find heat zone and push water.